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(added on 2018/04/24)

Protected together, #VaccinesWork 接種疫苗 共防疾病

©2018 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: Public Health England
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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Through the universal vaccination programme, the United Kingdom has achieved elimination status for measles in 2016. This does not, however, mean that measles has disappeared in this country. Since late 2017, measles outbreaks were confirmed in five areas of England. The map shows the distribution of the affected areas and the coverage of measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination at 2 years of age in the second quarter of 2017 in England.

As indicated by the red asterisk, measles outbreaks took place in West Midlands, West Yorkshire, Cheshire & Liverpool, Surrey and Greater Manchester. As depicted by graduated colours, coverage of MMR vaccines in the neighborhood of the affected areas was generally lower than that in the other parts of England. Apparently, communities with low MMR vaccination coverage are vulnerable to measles, even in a country with an overall high vaccine uptake.

Measles and other childhood infections are global health problems. To encourage people to take collective effort to increase immunisation coverage for the greater good, World Immunization Week 2018 is observed from 24 - 30 April.

Data for the map were obtained from Public Health England.

通過全民疫苗注射計劃,英國於2016年達到消除麻疹的公共衛生水平,但這並不代表麻疹已經絕跡。自2017年尾,麻疹在英格蘭五個地區爆發。地圖顯示受影響地區的分佈及英格蘭於2017年第二季兩歲兒童的麻疹、流行性腮腺炎、德國麻疹混合疫苗的覆蓋率。

圖中紅色星號標示出五個受麻疹爆發影響的地區,包括西密德蘭、西約克郡、柴郡及利物浦、舒梨郡和大曼徹斯特。依圖中顏色所示,受影響地區的麻疹混合疫苗的覆蓋率普遍較其他英格蘭地區為低。縱使英格蘭大部分地區的麻疹疫苗接種率已很高,零散地區的稍低疫苗覆蓋率已能促使麻疹在個別社區傳播。

麻疹和其他兒童傳染病是全球公共衛生問題。為鼓勵各國繼續共同努力,提高免疫接種覆蓋率,令整體社會得益,本年的4月24至30日已被定為世界免疫週。

地圖資料源自英格蘭公共衛生署。